During an emergency, you may have to survive on your own for days together. Having food, water, and other supplies that can last for several days is necessary, which is why it makes sense to prepare an emergency disaster supplies kit. A disaster supplies kit is a collection of essential items that may come in handy in times of emergencies.

Basic disaster supplies kit

Put your kit together by storing items in airtight plastic bags. Put your complete disaster supplies kit in 1-2 easy-to-carry containers, such as a duffel bag or plastic containers. Here are the recommended items a basic emergency supply kit could include:

  • food (a three-day supply of non-perishable food at the very minimum)
  • water (a gallon per person, capable of lasting for at least three days for drinking and sanitation)
  • first aid kit
  • flashlight
  • hand crank or battery-powered radio and an NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert
  • extra batteries
  • dust mask (to help filter contaminated air)
  • duct tape and plastic sheeting (to shelter-in-place)
  • whistle (to call for help)
  • manual can opener (for food)
  • plastic ties, garbage bags, and moist towelettes (for sanitation)
  • cell phone, a charger, and a backup battery
  • local maps
  • pliers or wrench (to turn off utilities)

Additional emergency supplies

Based on your individual needs, consider adding the following items to the emergency kit:

  • prescription eyeglasses and contact lens solution
  • soap, hand sanitizer, masks (for everyone aged two years and above), and disinfecting wipes
  • traveler’s checks or cash
  • prescription medications
  • non-prescription medications, such as anti-diarrhea medication, pain relievers, and antacids or laxatives
  • climate-appropriate change of clothing and sturdy shoes
  • feminine supplies and personal hygiene items
  • warm blanket or sleeping bag for each person
  • extra water and pet food for your pet
  • paper and pencil
  • fire extinguisher
  • infant formula, diapers, wipes, bottles, and diaper rash cream
  • family documents, such as copies of bank account records, identification, and insurance policies (saved in a portable, waterproof container or electronically)
  • books, puzzles, games, or other activities for children

Keep an emergency kit at home, work, and in your car since you don’t know where you’ll be when disaster strikes. 

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